Physical & Occupational Therapy and Speech Language Pathology Caps: Financial Limitation Denials

Published 3/16/2022

Denial Reason, Reason/Remark Code

  • PR-119: Benefit maximum for this time period or occurrence has been met

Resolution and Resources
On January 1, 2006, Medicare implemented financial limitations on covered therapy services (therapy threshold). An exception to the therapy threshold may be made when a beneficiary requires continued skilled therapy (in other words, therapy beyond the amount payable under the therapy threshold) to achieve his or her prior functional status or maximum expected functional status within a reasonable amount of time. Documentation supporting the medical necessity of those therapy services must be available in the patient's medical record.

Verify whether the patient has exceeded the therapy threshold prior to submitting claims to Medicare through the Palmetto GBA eServices tool or Interactive Voice Response (IVR) unit.

Online Verification for Therapy Threshold through eServices

  • All providers that have an EDI Enrollment Agreement on file may register to use this tool. If you haven’t already registered, please consider doing so.
  • Access the introductory article to learn more by selecting the 'Introducing eServices' graphic on the top of any of our contract home pages
  • Please Note: Only one provider administrator per EDI Enrollment Agreement/per PTAN/NPI combination performs the registration process. The provider administrator can then grant permission to additional users related to that PTAN/NPI.
  • Billing services and clearinghouses should contact their provider clients to gain access to the system
  • Specific instructions for accessing therapy threshold information through eServices are available in the eServices User Manual (PDF) 

If the service qualifies as an exception and may be reimbursed over and above the threshold, submit HCPCS modifier KX with the service. Documentation in the patient's medical record must support the use of this modifier. 

HCPCS modifier KX must be submitted in addition to HCPCS modifier GN, GO or GP with therapy services when therapy threshold meets all guidelines for an automatic exception. HCPCS modifier KX allows the approved therapy services to be paid, even though they are above the therapy threshold financial limits.


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