Increasing Annual Wellness Visit Knowledge and Usage

Published 06/22/2021

When Did You Have Your Last Annual Wellness Visit?

Medicare pays for an Annual Wellness Visit (AWV). It’s an awesome free preventive service that so many Medicare patients have not been taking advantage of. Since the onset of COVID-19, the number of AWVs being performed has fallen drastically, as many people have chosen to put off elective services. However, it’s important for you to do what is best for your health. That also means it may be best to take the time to have this service. If you talk to your healthcare provider and they say that it’s safe for you to have an AWV, then it makes sense to consider doing so.

First off, what is an AWV?

An Annual Wellness Visit is a visit to develop or update a preventive services plan that is personalized to your needs and to perform a Health Risk Assessment (HRA). An AWV comes in two sizes: your initial AWV sets the baseline for future visits. Before or during this visit, you will complete a Health Risk Assessment (HRA) questionnaire, which will collect at a minimum:  

  1. Your demographic data and a health status self-assessment
  2. Your assessment of depression/life satisfaction, stress, anger, pain, fatigue, isolation or loneliness
  3. Information on behavioral risks, including but not limited to if you smoke or use tobacco products, drink alcohol or use drugs, your physical activity, nutrition
  4. Information on your ability to do general activities of daily living, such as washing clothes, bathing, walking, ability to stand for periods of time, etc.

During an initial AWV, your provider will create a baseline of your medical and family history, capture information about your current list of doctors and medications that you take, and gather measurements of your height, weight, blood pressure (and other routine measurements as they apply based on your medical and family history). Your provider may also perform a cognitive impairment assessment to check for potential cognitive impairment, such as for Alzheimer’s disease or dementia, and for depression or other mood disorders.

Your healthcare provider will review all the information you provided to them, along with what they have observed focusing on your ability to do general activities of daily living, your risk of falling, plus any hearing impairments or potential home safety issues that may come up during the visit.

From all of this, your provider will create a written schedule/checklist, for the next 5 to 10 years for future screening visits and preventive services. Your provider also will give you personalized referrals for health education, preventive programs or counseling services based on what the AWV data has shown them.  

These recommended services or programs can help you reduce risk factors or promote wellness (such as to increase weight loss and physical activity, as well as prevent falls and improve nutrition).  Referrals can also be made for programs to help you quit smoking. You can also work with your provider about Advance Care Planning (‘living wills,’ ‘advance directives’ and other documents that instruct others about your healthcare wishes in the event you are unable to do so due to injury or illness).

That’s the first AWV. The second type of AWV is considered a follow-up AWV, or just a plain AWV.

At this AWV visit, you will review and update your HRA and your provider will update your medical/family history, the list of your current providers and medications, and your measurements (including weight and blood pressure). Your provider will then make any needed changes to your screening schedule and your personalized health plan, and make new referrals, if necessary, to keep current with your needs. It is important to have this service every year. We are all changing every day, every week, every month, every year. You take care of your plants, your car, your family, and you need to remember and take care of yourself.

How often can you get an AWV?

You can receive an receive an AWV if:

  • It has been more than 12 months since the effective date of your first Medicare Part B coverage period, and
  • You have not received an Initial Preventive Physical Examination (IPPE, or “Welcome to Medicare” exam ) or an AVW within the past 12 months.

Where can I get an AWV?

Many healthcare providers are authorized to perform AWV services. They include:

  • Doctors of medicine (MD) or osteopathy (MO)
  • Physician assistant (PA),  nurse practitioner (NP), or clinical nurse specialist (CNS)
  • A medical professional (including a health educator, registered dietitian, or nutrition professional or other licenses practitioner) or a team of such medical professional, working under the direct supervision of a physician.
  • Teaching physicians in graduate medical education programs can perform these services in certain specific circumstances.

If you have a question about the AWV, please call our toll-free Beneficiary Contact Center at 800-833-4455, Monday through Friday, from 8:30 a.m. until 7 p.m. ET. We offer a TTY/TDD line at 877-566-3572. This line is for the hearing impaired with the appropriate dial-up service and is available during the same hours Customer Service Representatives are available.

We encourage you to visit our website at, and to enroll to use our free self-service internet portal, MyRRMed. MyRRMed offers you access to your healthcare data. At this time, you can use the portal to access:

  • Status and details of your Railroad Medicare Part B claims
  • Historical Medicare Summary Notices (MSNs) for your Railroad Medicare Part B claims
  • A listing of individuals you have authorized to have access to your private health information.
  • You can also submit a request to add an authorized representative or to edit or remove an existing authorized representative.


To sign up for MyRRMed, please visit the site at



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